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Uncover the custom of the Sardana Dance

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Hands holding during Sardana dance (Barcelona, Spain)

WHAT LA SARDANA MEANS FOR CATALONIA

La Mercè, the primary competition of Barcelona, is right here. There will be loads of occasions occurring, and it is an incredible alternative to find the native traditions corresponding to castellers human castles, monster parades, correfoc fire runs and… sardana dancing!

“La Sardana és la dansa més bella de totes les danses que es fan i es desfan” – Sardana is the prettiest dance of all of the dances which can be completed and undone. That is the beggining of a poem by Joan Maragall that summarizes the pleasure of Catalan individuals for his or her most conventional dance. Quite simple in apparence: a circle of individuals holding fingers and stepping to the perimeters, sometimes bouncing. However stuffed with symbolism: the unity of the individuals.

It is not fiery like flamenco, nor sensual like tango, nor entertaining like salsa. However it speaks of a nation that works collectively, doing little issues that want precision to succeed in a objective. In a way, it is nearly like a neighborhood prayer. 

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Transient sardana dance historical past and origins

Sardana, Barcelona sculpture

Circle dances have been documented within the Mediterranean space since time of the Historic Greece. So the roots of the Sardana are prone to date again to these outdated occasions. Nonetheless, the primary written file mentioning Sardana dancing is from the 1600's, when it was danced as a type of leisure by nobles and aristocrats, principally within the areas that border what now could be the French border close to Girona. Solely in a while it would be adopted by the extra fashionable layers of the Catalan society.

The late 1800's and early 1900's are a second of splendor for Barcelona. The Modernism artwork type (native Artwork Nouveau) is embellishing the town, the cash is flowing due to the Industrial Revolution, and after a number of centuries of decadence the cultural scene is blooming within the motion referred to as “Renaixença”. The mental elite researches and standardizes the Catalan historical past, language and traditions to nurture a recovered pleasure for what's native. And right here is the place la Sardana dance performs a key position as an genuine ingredient of folklore with a metaphoric message of unity and native id.

After the Spanish Civil Battle (1936-1939), Spain was dominated by the Basic Franco dictatorship, who felt any expressions of regional cultures needs to be anihilated, as they posed a menace to the unity of Spain. Native traditions that weren't thought-about authentically Spanish had been banned, together with the native languages corresponding to Catalan, that was solely allowed in personal settings. That affected the Sardana dancing as effectively, was forbidden, even when the Catalan individuals managed to maintain it alive below the desk.

It would not be till the come again of the democracy after Franco died in 1975 that Catalans had been allowed once more to bounce Sardana in public once more, and it began being included as a key ingredient of any native festivity and celebration, cobla bands and colles sardanistes (dancer groups) had been created, “aplecs” (sardana gatherings) began being scheduled throughout, and even for a few years the favored Corte Ingles division retailer organized free classes for youths in entrance of their flaghship retailer of Plaza Catalunya.

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_______________________________________________________________________
Support author of this article and visit his post, originally published HERE

This post is originally published at ForeverBarcelona blog and it's not owned by this site! Respect content authors!
_______________________________________________________________________