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A Full Information to Dholavira: UNESCO World Heritage Website in India

Are you planning to visit Dholavira? If yes, then you have come to the right place! In July 2021, the Dholavira site was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. It is the 4th site to be included from Gujarat and the 40th site from India. Since I had always wanted to visit this […]



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This post is originally published at Meander Wander blog and it's not owned by this site! Respect content authors!

Are you planning to go to Dholavira? If sure, then you've got come to the appropriate place!

In July 2021, the Dholavira web site was included within the UNESCO World Heritage Website listing. It's the 4th web site to be included from Gujarat and the 40th web site from India.

Since I had at all times wished to go to this place in Gujarat, I couldn't say no when Gujarat Tourism requested me to hitch the journey to this historical web site.

I did a variety of analysis earlier than visiting the place and have ready this information for you. So, if you're a historical past buff who needs to go to this web site or are simply usually fascinated with it, then right here is every little thing it is advisable know.

A Full Information to Dholavira: UNESCO World Heritage Website in India

About Dholavira

Entry to Citadel
Entry to Citadel

Dholavira was one of the crucial superior societies 5 thousand years in the past throughout the Indus Valley Civilization.

This place witnessed the Harappans settling within the 2650 BCE and it continued to flourish for subsequent 1200 years or so. It was throughout 1450 BCE that the place noticed a severe decline on account of a number of pure causes.

It was additionally an essential commerce hyperlink between Gujarat, Sindh, Punjab, and Western Asian areas at the moment.

This 250-acred historical land grew to become in style among the many archaeologists in 1989. A complete of 13 in depth excavations have been carried out right here between 1990 and 2005.

Dholavira Excavation Website

Through the years, many Indus Valley Civilization websites have been found. Out of those, Mohen-jo-Daro, Harappa, and Ganweriwala in Pakistan, and Rakhigarhi in India had been probably the most distinguished. Dholavira is the 5th largest web site of Indus Valley Civilization.

There may be one other IVC excavation web site in Gujarat named Lothal that has been deeply researched and is relatively simpler to achieve. However Dholavira is known for being the earliest deliberate water conservation programs on this planet.

The excavation of this web site was managed by Archaeological Survey of India. It came about below the supervision of Ravindra Singh Bisht.

On the excavation web site, one can discover a fortified citadel, a center city and a decrease city. The partitions of the positioning had been fabricated from sandstone or limestone which was completely different from the mud bricks utilized in different Harappan websites.

On the different Harappan websites, one might discover stays of people within the graves however that has not been the case with this IVC metropolis. There are a lot of memorials with no bones however treasured stones, establishing that Harappan civilization was fairly well-established as nicely.

Probably the most fascinating issues about Dholavira excavation web site is that ithas been free from encroachment because the excavation started. For this reason is was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Website in India. It's a well-preserved settlement that dates again to the twond millennium BCE.

The place is Dholavira Situated?

Ruins of Harappan Site
Ruins of Harappan Website

Are you questioning the place is Dholavira situated in Gujarat?

It's situated on the island of Khadir Wager which is surrounded by the salt marsh of Rann of Kutch. The IVC metropolis is located on a hillock close to the Dholavira village, domestically referred to as Kotada Timba.

This web site was found by archaeologist Jagat Pati Joshi in 1968. However the main excavation course of came about between 1990 and 2005 below Bisht’s supervision. He uncovered this historical metropolis which was a producing and industrial hub earlier than 1500 BCE for lots of of years.

Rise and Fall of Dholavira

Bi-concave Pillars on Excavation Site
Bi-concave Pillars on Excavation Website

As talked about earlier, Dholavira is without doubt one of the two largest IVC websites in India and the 5th largest in Asia. Just like the opposite Harappan web site, Lothal, archaeologists discovered that this metropolis additionally handed by all of the levels of Harappan tradition.

From the excavations, copper smelter stays had been discovered which exhibits that the Harappans residing in Dholavira knew metallurgy. In keeping with the archaeologists, Dholavira merchants used to get copper ore from present-day Rajasthan, Oman and UAE after which export the completed items.

Additionally it is believed to be a hub of producing jewelry from shells and semi-precious stones equivalent to agate. These beads regarding Harappan workmanship had been discovered within the royal graves in Mesopotamia. This means that the 2 used to commerce within the early years.

The decline of Harappan tradition additionally coincides with the downfall of Mesopotamia, proving their interdependency. Because the Harappans had been maritime individuals, they ended up shedding an enormous market. This, in flip, affected the native mining, manufacturing, advertising, export, and many others. after Mesopotamia fell.

Through the excavation, it was discovered that IVC declined between the 5th and the 7th levels.  From 2000 BC, this village skilled extreme aridity on account of local weather change and drying up of Saraswati River. This led to Harappans leaving the town and settling close to Ganges plain in Gujarat, Rajasthan, and many others.

Within the late Harappan stage, the settlers returned. Influenced by the tradition of Gujarat, South Rajasthan, and Sindh, they returned to the positioning however with none of their expertise. The brand new homes had been constructed within the type of bhungas and used simplified indicators. The tip of Harappan civilization was close to.

Historical past of Dholavira Excavations

Pottery Remains
Pottery Stays

Harappan ruins have existed on the Dholavira web site since 3000 BCE. Since this hillock was largely uninhabited and primarily used for animal grazing or farming, it took a while to find the ruins.

Throughout one of many tilling periods in 1968, pottery stays had been uncovered. Archaeologist Jagat Pati Joshi, who was working in a close-by web site, was knowledgeable. This led to an in depth inspection and after radiocarbon relationship, it was discovered that the stays belonged to Harappan civilisation.

Nonetheless, it took some extra years of exams and carbon relationship for Dholavira to develop into well-known among the many archaeologists. Because the nearest village to the positioning was Dholavira, it grew to become the Dholavira Harappan Website.

ASI started systematic excavations in 1990 which continued until 2005. A number of damaged and worn out artefacts had been discovered equivalent to beads, terracotta pottery, gold ornaments, animal collectible figurines, copper instruments, urns, and extra.

The excavation exhibits the 7 levels of Harappan civilization. One can find out about this IVC metropolis from improvement to its peak to say no.

Within the excavations, 10 massive stone inscriptions had been discovered close to the Ceremonial Floor. They've been assumed to be letters of Harappan script indicating it's a signboard however hasn’t been deciphered but.

Highlights of Dholavira Website

Circular Houses in Dholavira
Round Homes in Dholavira

The stays of Dholavira signifies a citadel within the heart, a center city, and a decrease city. Each the cities have been fortified individually utilizing sun-dried brick and stone masonry that lends it a clean really feel.

The lanes have been systematically designed to steer out of the citadel with an underground sewage system for good sanitation. Additionally, you will discover the stays of a big stadium that includes a fancy construction and seating association.

The homes of the Harappans discovered right here had been spherical in form, designed to attenuate the injury precipitated from an earthquake. The excavation has at present solely uncovered the highest layer, 4 extra layers are nonetheless hidden beneath the floor.

Dholavira is known for its world class water conservatory programs. The northern Mansar and the southern Manhar had been the 2 predominant canals within the metropolis. The excavation unearthed 16 unwithered reservoirs and a five-thousand-year-old tank.

Town additionally had a superb sewage line which was six ft excessive. As mentioned earlier than, Dholavira is known for being the world’s earliest water conservation programs and is the earliest one to ever be excavated.

Their amazingly constructed reservoirs, examine dams, small baths, and sewage system are proof of their well-managed conservation of water. It will have been tough to dwell within the desert with out these improvements.

Listed here are just a few distinguished options of Dholavira excavation web site that you'd discover in your guided tour right here:

Fort and Bailey – Each these constructions collectively kinds the citadel. Past the citadel, you will note the Center City, the Decrease City with a number of residential blocks, the wall and at last the cemetery. This web site is rectangular in form and covers an space of 54 acres.

Ceremonial Floor – That is the stadium in Center City which has been partially excavated until now. One can discover the stadium with a seating association and a fancy construction. It's believed that this area was used for sports activities and video games performed on a big scale.

Test Dams – As mentioned earlier, Manhar and Mansar had been the 2 predominant canals within the metropolis. There have been a number of examine dams constructed throughout these streams to divert water into the 16 reservoirs.

East Reservoir – Out of the 16 reservoirs, the east reservoir is the biggest and the perfect furnished one. You'll discover 30 steps on the three corners of the reservoir.

Excavations discovered evidences of rituals being carried out right here. There have been a number of damaged collectible figurines, unicorn collectible figurines, and extra discovered right here. Archaelogists consider that this was an essential reservoir for the Harappans.

Tickets and Ideas for Visiting Dholavira Website

Dholavira Site Ruins
Dholavira Website Ruins

The ticket to the Dholavira excavation web site and the Archaeological Museum prices 5 INR for the vacationers. It's open each day from 10 AM to five PM (closed on Friday).

Ideas for Visiting Excavation Website

  • Please pack sunscreen and put on a hat to guard your self from the tough daylight throughout the day.
  • Carry adequate water as it could simply take 2-3 hours to take a tour of the excavation web site.
  • Rent a neighborhood information who can inform you in regards to the excavation web site and the historical past of this place higher.
  • You will discover many informational boards on the web site, ensure that to learn them to get extra details about a construction.

Find out how to Attain Dholavira

Are you confused about the right way to attain Dholavira Harappan web site? Don’t fear, we've you lined.

Though that is an historical web site, it's well-connected by roadways. It's 360 km from Ahmedabad and 212 km from Bhuj, the 2 main cities to achieve in Gujarat.

Have a look under to study how one can attain this Indus Valley civilization web site.

By Flight

There aren't any direct flights to Dholavira. The closest airport to this village is the Bhuj airport which is round 220 km away. Nevertheless, there should not a variety of direct flights to Bhuj airport as nicely.

So, if you're touring, then you definately would want to take a flight to Ahmedabad after which a taxi or bus to Dholavira.

By Rail

The closest main railway station to this Harappan web site is Bhuj Railway Station. From Bhuj, you possibly can take a taxi to achieve Dholavira village. You may also take a public bus to Rapar after which one other bus to the village.

An alternative choice is to take a practice to Bhachau or Samkhiala Junction which is nearer to Rapar. From these stations, you may get a bus to Rapar after which a bus to achieve Dholavira.

By Highway

Probably the most handy methods to achieve this Indus Valley civilization web site is by highway. You possibly can rent a cab from Bhuj/Ahmedabad however it may be a protracted drive.

There may be additionally an possibility of taking a bus from Bhuj to Rapar, the closest main city to Dholavira, which takes round 5 hours. From right here, you possibly can take a public or non-public bus to Dholavira that takes 3 hours to achieve.

The place to Keep

Dholavira Tourism Resort
Dholavira Tourism Resort

By way of keep, there aren’t a variety of choices accessible close to this UNESCO World Heritage web site. It isn't a developed village so, there are solely a few resorts and homestays.

Dholavira Tourism Resort (Lodge Rann of Kutch) – Dholavira Tourism Resort is a resort run by Gujarat Tourism. I stayed right here for 2 nights throughout my go to to this main archaeological web site. It's a budget-friendly place and gives all the essential facilities and providers to guests.

You want prior bookings for this resort and also will have to tell about meals beforehand.

Rann Resort – In case you are on the lookout for a luxurious keep, then that is the place for you. It's situated round 5 km from the IVC Metropolis web site and is a 10-minutes drive to the excavation web site.  

Finest Time to Go to Dholavira

Questioning when must you go to the Dholavira web site?

Effectively, the winter season is the perfect time to go to Dholavira however you possibly can plan a go to in different months as nicely. Learn on to know what you possibly can anticipate in every season right here.

Summer season Season (April – June)

Summer season is the worst time to go to this Harappan web site. Since Dholavira is in an arid area, it experiences an especially scorching local weather within the summers.

The temperature may be as excessive as 45 levels Celsius throughout the daytime, making it insufferable to benefit from the go to.

Monsoon Season (July – September)

Whereas this isn't a nasty time to go to the Dholavira web site, it's not the perfect time too. Nevertheless, the climate is barely nice with cool breezes blowing by within the morning and night.

In case you are a funds traveler, then this can be a good time to journey. Since it's the low season, you may get wonderful offers and reductions on resorts and flights.

Winter Season

Winter is the best time to go to this historical web site because the local weather is cool and nice all through the day. From October, the place turns lovely and colourful and sees a variety of vacationers.

The temperature stays between 19 – 36 levels Celsius at the moment which is barely extra bearable than the summer season months.

Close by Sights to Go to

The most effective issues about this excavation web site is that there are a number of different issues to do in Dholavira too. That’s not all, you possibly can plan to cowl a number of close by locations in your journey right here.

Nice Rann of Kutch

Rann of Kutch
Rann of Kutch

Go to Rann of Kutch, a large expanse of salt marsh that appears limitless. There are small puddles of water with shrubs that home pink flamingos and wild assess.

It lies on the border between India and Pakistan and is without doubt one of the largest salt deserts on this planet. Aside from the gorgeous sights, additionally, you will discover lovely handicrafts right here. This consists of Kutchi embroidery, Rogan work, leatherwork, and bell metallic craft.

Should you determine to go to within the months of October – February, you possibly can even attend the Rann Utsav pageant right here. Immerse your self within the cultural performances, store for native handicrafts, and revel in scrumptious Gujarati Thali at this annual pageant.



Capital of Kutch district, Bhuj is one other excellent place to go to in your journey to Dholavira. There are a lot of lovely architectural buildings to get pleasure from right here. You possibly can go to the previous residence of royals – Rani Mahal or the palace of mirrors referred to as Aina Mahal.

Aside from the attractive structure, the town boasts many gorgeous temples as nicely. Bhujia Hilltop is a superb place for watching sunsets and having fun with a panoramic view of the town.


Rani Ki Vav Patan
Rani Ki Vav Patan

Residence to one of many UNESCO World Heritage Websites in India, Patan is one other nice metropolis to go to in Gujarat. It's a historic metropolis that was situated on the banks of the extinct Saraswati River.

Town was the capital of the Chalukya Dynasty and is primarily well-known for 2 issues – Rani Ka Vav and Patola Sari.

One can go to Rani Ka Vav, a UNESCO World Heritage Website, which is the oldest stepwell in Gujarat. This stepwell has a singular and gorgeous construction that includes many intricate sculptures and idols.

One other specialty of Patan is the Patola sari, a fantastic hand-woven sari with intricate patterns. It takes round 4-6 months to make a sari, relying on the complexity of the design. These saris are costly and upwards of 20,000 INR.


Sun Temple Modhera
Solar Temple Modhera

Modhera is one other historic metropolis to go to in Gujarat that's in style because of the revered Solar Temple from the Chalukya Dynasty.

It's mentioned that Lord Ram carried out a yagna right here after killing Ravana to cleanse his sin. Individuals consider that he constructed Modherak which got here to be referred to as Modhera.

Solar Temple is a well-liked attraction in Modhera that's devoted to the solar god, Surya. The temple is on the banks of the Pushpavati river and was constructed below the Chalukya dynasty.

That includes lovely structure and complex sculptures, this can be a in style web site amongst historical past buffs and archaeologists.

Different Harappan Websites to Go to in Gujarat

Previous to Dholavira excavation, Lothal was the foremost Indus Valley Civilization web site in Gujarat. It's situated on the banks of Sabarmati River in Saragwala village.

This web site was excavated between 1955 and 1960. It was discovered to be an essential port metropolis of IVC, that includes constructions fabricated from mud bricks. Through the excavations, 21 human skeletons had been found from a Lothal graveyard

A number of ornaments had been additionally discovered which had been constructed from semi-precious stones, gold, and extra. Aside from Lothal, Rangpur is the primary Harappan web site to be excavated in Gujarat.

Through the years, many different Harappan websites have been uncovered in Gujarat. This consists of Rojdi in Rajkot, Lakhabaval in Jamnagar, Prabhas in Gir Somnath, and Deshalpar in Bhuj.


Personally, I cherished visiting this wonderful Harappan web site and have wished to go to it for just a few years now. It was fairly fascinating to study in regards to the historical past of this place and the way they've been piecing all of it collectively over time.

That is the biggest Harappan web site in India that tells the story of historical Indus Valley civilization and is a deal with for all historical past and archaeology buffs.

If in case you have at all times wished to go to this place too, then that is the right time to go!

Support author of this article and visit his post, originally published HERE

This post is originally published at Meander Wander blog and it's not owned by this site! Respect content authors!